Warning: Use of undefined constant WP_ADMIN - assumed 'WP_ADMIN' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/replace-featured-image-with-video/pt-page-featured-video.php on line 11

Warning: "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break". Did you mean to use "continue 2"? in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/responsive-select-menu/sparkoptions/SparkOptions.class.php on line 778

Warning: "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break". Did you mean to use "continue 2"? in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/types/library/toolset/types/embedded/includes/wpml.php on line 643

Warning: "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break". Did you mean to use "continue 2"? in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/types/library/toolset/types/embedded/includes/wpml.php on line 660

Warning: session_cache_limiter(): Cannot change cache limiter when headers already sent in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/cforms2/lib_functions.php on line 36

Warning: session_start(): Cannot start session when headers already sent in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/cforms2/lib_functions.php on line 39
The Transformation of Foreign Policy | IWM
Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/microkids-related-posts/microkids-related-posts.php on line 645

The Transformation of Foreign Policy


Warning: date() expects parameter 2 to be int, string given in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/themes/skeleton_childtheme/loop-single.php on line 117

Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/microkids-related-posts/microkids-related-posts.php on line 645
vec_transformation-of-foreignpolicyThe study of foreign policy is usually concerned with the interaction of states, which date back to the so-called “Westphalian system,” also the time at which modern “foreign policy” vocabulary was invented. Given the close semantic ties between the two, examining foreign policy in earlier as well as in later periods involves conceptual and terminological difficulties. Questions concerning the status of “post-national” foreign policy actors like the European Union or global cities echo problems that involve the study of ancient Greek “city-states” or federal and imperial entities. This volume presents a novel understanding of what constitutes foreign policy which seeks to offer a way out of this dilemma. The authors argue that foreign policy is the outcome of processes that set some boundaries apart from others, and differentiate those within an internal space from others that mark foreignness. The creation of such boundaries can be observed at all times, and they designate specific actors—which can be, but do not have to be, “states”—as capable of engaging in foreign policy. Such boundaries are, however, unstable, and do not provide a single or a simple distinction between “insides” and “outsides.” Multiple layers of foreign policy actors with different characteristics are thus not a post-modern development, but a perennial aspect of foreign policy. This case is argued in a broad perspective extending from early Greek polities to present-day global cities via “classical” nation-states and empires, and it is presented by political scientists, jurists, and historians.

Miloš Vec is Professor of European Legal and Constitutional History at Vienna University and a Permanent Fellow at the IWM. He is co-editor with Thomas Hippler of Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe (OUP, 2015).

Gunther Hellmann is Professor of Political Science in the Department of Social Sciences and Principal Investigator in the Centre of Excellence ‘Formation of Normative Orders’, both at Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main. He is one of the editors of the Zeitschrift fur Internationale Beziehungen.

Andreas Fahrmeir is Professor of Modern History at Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main. He is a principal investigator with the ‘Normative Orders’ research cluster and co-editor of the Historische Zeitschrift.

Recent Publications

  • Pogroms et Ghetto: Les Musulmans dans l’Inde Contemporaine


    Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/microkids-related-posts/microkids-related-posts.php on line 645
    En 2002 se sont déroulées dans l’État du Gujarat les plus graves attaques contre des musulmans qu’a connues la République indienne depuis 1947. 2 000 d’entre eux ont péri au cours des violences qui ont duré près de six mois tandis que 150 000 autres ont été contraints de fuir définitivement leur logement, attaqués par …
    Read more

  • Perceptions of Society in Communist Europe: Regime Archives and Popular Opinion


    Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/microkids-related-posts/microkids-related-posts.php on line 645
    Drawing on archival sources from Czechoslovakia, Poland, East Germany, Romania and Bulgaria, Perceptions of Society in Communist Europe considers whether and to what extent communist regimes cared about popular opinion, how they obtained their information, and how it helped them implement and maintain their rule. Contrary to popular belief, communist regimes sought to legitimise their …
    Read more

  • Populating No Man’s Land: Economic Concepts of Ownership under Communism


    Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /usr/www/users/testserv/iwm/wp-content/plugins/microkids-related-posts/microkids-related-posts.php on line 645
    This edited volume opening the new series Revisiting Communism: Collectivist Economic Thought in Historical Perspective focuses on the concepts of ownership, the cornerstone of political economy in Soviet-type societies. The authors’ main objective is to contribute to the still unwritten chapter on collectivism in the history books of modern economic thought. They trace the lengthy …
    Read more