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Pogroms et Ghetto: Les Musulmans dans l’Inde Contemporaine | IWM

Pogroms et Ghetto: Les Musulmans dans l’Inde Contemporaine


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En 2002 se sont déroulées dans l’État du Gujarat les plus graves attaques contre des musulmans qu’a connues la République indienne depuis 1947. 2 000 d’entre eux ont péri au cours des violences qui ont duré près de six mois tandis que 150 000 autres ont été contraints de fuir définitivement leur logement, attaqués par des nationalistes hindous agissant avec la complicité des autorités locales.

Charlotte Thomas propose la première exploration du ghetto musulman de Juhapura, qui s’est formé à la suite de ces pogroms. Elle analyse les stratégies de domination mises en oeuvre par les pouvoirs publics à l’encontre de cette minorité. Elle révèle la discrimination, la ségrégation économique et spatiale, le manque d’accès aux services publics de base que subissent les musulmans de Juhapura. Mais l’auteur dévoile aussi les tactiques de résistance qui répondent à ces stratégies de domination, ainsi que le développement socio-économique à l’oeuvre au sein du ghetto grâce aux initiatives de self-help élaborées par les résidents.

Explorer le ghetto de Juhapura et la vie quotidienne de ses habitants, c’est découvrir « de l’intérieur » et en actes le projet politique nationaliste hindou porté par l’actuel Premier ministre, Narendra Modi, dont la responsabilité dans les pogroms de 2002 est directement mise en cause.

Charlotte Thomas, Visiting IWM Fellow in 2018, est docteure en science politique. Elle est actuellement en postdoc au CERI Sciences Po et dirige le programme Asie du Sud (SAProg) du collectif de chercheurs Noria.

Recent Publications

  • Perceptions of Society in Communist Europe: Regime Archives and Popular Opinion


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    Drawing on archival sources from Czechoslovakia, Poland, East Germany, Romania and Bulgaria, Perceptions of Society in Communist Europe considers whether and to what extent communist regimes cared about popular opinion, how they obtained their information, and how it helped them implement and maintain their rule. Contrary to popular belief, communist regimes sought to legitimise their …
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  • Populating No Man’s Land: Economic Concepts of Ownership under Communism


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    This edited volume opening the new series Revisiting Communism: Collectivist Economic Thought in Historical Perspective focuses on the concepts of ownership, the cornerstone of political economy in Soviet-type societies. The authors’ main objective is to contribute to the still unwritten chapter on collectivism in the history books of modern economic thought. They trace the lengthy …
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  • The Road to Unfreedom. Russia, Europe, America


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    With the end of the Cold War, the victory of liberal democracy seemed final. Observers declared the end of history, confident in a peaceful, globalized future. This faith was misplaced. Authoritarianism returned to Russia, as Putin found fascist ideas that could be used to justify rule by the wealthy. In the 2010s, it has spread …
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